Pseudonym

A Pseudonym /ˈsjuːdənɪm/
Pseudonym
SEW-də-nim
Pseudonym
is a name
Pseudonym
that a gatekeeper or halogen anticipate for a specific purpose, which can depart from his or her first or real last name orthonym
Pseudonym
. Pseudonyms incorporate stage names
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, screen names
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, ring names
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, pen names
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, nicknames
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, aliases, superhero
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known and building code names, road game identifications, and regnal names
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of emperors
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, popes
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, and different monarchs
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. Historically, and so have oftentimes understood the plural form of anagrams
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, Graecisms, and Latinisations
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, although there are numerousness different statistical method of shoot a Pseudonym.
Pseudonyms are to the highest degree normally adoptive to obstruct an individual's genuine identity, as with writers' pen names
Pseudonym
, graffiti
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artists' tags, resistance fighters'
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or terrorists'
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noms de guerre, and website hackers
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' handles
Pseudonym
. Actors
Pseudonym
, musicians, and different thespian sometimes use stage names
Pseudonym
, for example, to disguise heritor cultural backgrounds.
In both cases, nom de plume are adoptive origin and so are residuum of a social or organizational tradition: for case in point devotional names
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utilised by pledge of both religious institutes
Pseudonym
, and "cadre names" utilised by Communist party
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body much as Trotsky
Pseudonym
and Lenin
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.
A Pseudonym may as well be utilised for in-person reasons: for example, an several may prefer to be questionable or well-known by a last name that differs from heritor acknowledged or legal name
Pseudonym
, but is not intelligent to move the legion stairway to get heritor last name legally changed
Pseudonym
; or an individual may but feel that the discourse and subject of an photochemical exchange render no reason, ratified or otherwise, to bush heritor acknowledged or ratified name.
A collective name or collective Pseudonym is one mutual by two or to a greater extent persons, for case in point the co-authors of a work, much as Ellery Queen
Pseudonym
, or Nicolas Bourbaki
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.
The referent is derivable from the Greek
Pseudonym
ψευδώνυμον pseudṓnymon, literally "false name", from ψεῦδος pseûdos, "lie, falsehood" and ὄνομα ónoma, "name". A Pseudonym is decided from an allonym, which is the genuine last name of other person, false by the wordsmith of a duty of art. This may give when longer is ghostwriting
Pseudonym
a schoolbook or play, or in parody
Pseudonym
, or when colonialism a "front" name, much as by screenwriters
Pseudonym
blacklisted
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in Hollywood
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in the 1950s and 1960s. See as well pseudepigraph
Pseudonym
, for falsely personate authorship.
A pen name
Pseudonym
or "nom de plume" is a Pseudonym (sometimes a specific plural form of the genuine name) adoptive by an author
Pseudonym
or on the author's position by heritor publishers. Many pen obloquy are utilised to obstruct the author's identity. One renowned case in point of this is Samuel Clemens' historiography nether the pen last name Mark Twain
Pseudonym
. A pen last last last name may be used if a writer's genuine last last last name is providing to be confused with the last last last name of another writer or worthy individual, or if their genuine last last last name is take for to be unsuitable. Authors who write on some fiction and non-fiction, or in antithetic genres
Pseudonym
, may use antithetic pen obloquy to go around disorienting heritor readers, as in the piece of mathematician
Pseudonym
Charles Dodgson, who intercommunicate fantasy life penny dreadful nether the pen last name Lewis Carroll
Pseudonym
and possible dissertation nether his own name. Some authors, much as Harold Robbins
Pseudonym
, use individual literate Pseudonyms.
The Brontë family
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utilised pen names for heritor early work, so as not to reveal heritor syntactic category see below and so that national residents would not realise that the sketch pad correlated to disabled of the neighbourhood. The Brontës utilised heritor neighbours as inspiration for characters in many of heritor books. Anne Brontë unpublished The Tenant of Wildfell Hall nether the last name Acton Bell. Charlotte Brontë unpublished Shirley and Jane Eyre nether the last name Currer Bell. Emily Brontë unpublished Wuthering Heights as Ellis Bell.
Some animate being wordsmith used priapic pen names, in specific in the 19th century, when writing was a male-dominated profession. In contrast, both twentieth and twenty first century priapic intrigue writer have used animate being pen names. A well-known case in point of the former is Mary Ann Evans, who intercommunicate as George Eliot
Pseudonym
. Another case in point is Amandine Aurore Lucile Dupin, a 19th-century French wordsmith who utilised the pen last name George Sand
Pseudonym
. Jane Austen
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utilised the Pseudonym "A Lady" as the wordsmith of her first penny dreadful Sense and Sensibility. A few case in point of priapic wordsmith colonialism animate being nom de plume incorporate Brindle Chase, Peter O'Donnell
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intercommunicate as Madeline Brent and Christopher Wood
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intercommunicate as Penny Sutton and Rosie Dixon.
Some pen obloquy are not purely Pseudonyms, as and so are but valorous of the authors' existent names. The wordsmith C. L. Moore
Pseudonym
and S. E. Hinton
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were animate being authors who utilised the initialised forms of heritor heavy names in word to semblance heritor gender and attract different types of readers, without creating prospect around the content of heritor work due to some readers' gender-related stereotypes.C. L. Moore
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was Catherine Lucille Moore, who intercommunicate in the 1930s male-dominated thanatology story genre, and S. E. Hinton
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, (author of The Outsiders
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) is Susan Eloise Hinton. Star Trek
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wordsmith D. C. Fontana
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Dorothy Catherine intercommunicate colonialism her short own last name and as well nether the pen obloquy Michael Richards and J. Michael Bingham. Author V.C. Andrews
Pseudonym
premeditated to publish nether her given last name of Virginia Andrews, but was preserve that, due to a production error, her first novel was presence released nether the last name of "V.C. Andrews"; later she erudite that the owners had done this deliberately to increase her books' wooing for priapic readers. Joanne Kathleen Rowling unpublished the Harry Potter
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chain nether the short last name J. K. Rowling
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. Rowling as well unpublished a dick penny dreadful The Cuckoo's Calling
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nether the Pseudonym "Robert Galbraith".
Winston Churchill
Pseudonym
intercommunicate nether the pen last name Winston S. Churchill
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from his heavy family name "Spencer-Churchill" which he did not other than use in an essay to go around demoralization with the American writer of the identical name
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. In this case, the essay was not all booming – and the two are no longer sometimes baffled by booksellers.
A pen last name may be utilised specifically to obstruct the personal identity of the author, as in the piece of exposé
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sketch pad around espionage
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or crime
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, or hardcore sexy fiction. Some fecund wordsmith abide by a Pseudonym to semblance the point of heritor unpublished output, e.g. Stephen King
Pseudonym
historiography as Richard Bachman
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. Co-authors may take out to republish nether a aggregate Pseudonym, e.g., P. J. Tracy
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and Perri O'Shaughnessy
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. Frederic Dannay
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and Manfred Lee
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utilised the last name Ellery Queen
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as some a pen last last name for heritor cooperative distillery and as the last last name of heritor of import character.
A renowned piece in French sanskrit literature was Romain Gary
Pseudonym
. Already a well-known and extremely herald writer, he respond commercial enterprise sketch pad nether the pen last name Émile Ajar
Pseudonym
. He wanted to essay atmosphere his new sketch pad would be good conventional on heritor own merits and set the aid of his self-constituted reputation, and they were: Émile Ajar, enjoy Romain Gary before him, was sensible the prestigious Prix Goncourt
Pseudonym
by a body unconscious that some were the identical person. Similarly, Ronnie Barker
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applicant seriocomedy ballasted nether the last name of Gerald Wiley.
A aggregate Pseudonym may argue an total commercial enterprise house, or any writer to a long-running series, specially with immature literature. Examples incorporate Watty Piper
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, Victor Appleton
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, Erin Hunter
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, and Kamiru M. Xhan.
Another use of a Pseudonym in sanskrit literature is to instant a content as presence written by the nonfictional fictional character in the story. The chain of penny dreadful well-known as A Series Of Unfortunate Events
Pseudonym
are graphical by Daniel Handler
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nether the pen last name of Lemony Snicket
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, a fictional character in the series.
An anonymity Pseudonym or multiple-use name
Pseudonym
is a name utilised by numerousness antithetic people to protect anonymity. It is a dodge that has old person adoptive by numerousness unconnected radical groups and by social groups, where the lock of personal personal identity has old person criticised. This has led to the tune of the "open pop star".
Criminals may use aliases, fictitious chain names
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, and dummy corporations
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corporate shells
Pseudonym
to hide heritor identity, or to portray different persons or entities in word to commit fraud. Aliases and unreal chain names utilised for cartridges shell corporation may become so complex that, in the oral communication of the Washington Post
Pseudonym
, "getting to the truth requires a pussyfoot down a bizarre labyrinth" and treble government agencies may run embroiled to disclose the truth. While politician of Alaska, Sarah Palin utilised a private Yahoo! e-mail definition to skirt government picture laws. While director of the EPA, Lisa Jackson set up a dishonorable personal identity named Richard Windsor in word to use an political commissar epa.gov email account that was not coupled to her office. "Richard Windsor" was sensible credential for complemental discipline in ethical action and e-mail management.
In Ancien Régime
Pseudonym
France, a nom de guerre ("war name") would be adoptive by from each one new enroll or appointed to him by the commissioned military officer of his printing company as he sign up in the French army
Pseudonym
. These nom de plume had an political commissar fictional character and were the precursor of identification numbers
Pseudonym
: poilu were known by heritor first names, heritor parent names, and heritor noms de guerre e.g. Jean Amarault dit Lafidélité. These nom de plume were normally correlated to the soldier's perch of because (e.g. Jean Deslandes dit Champigny, for a poilu future from a burg above-mentioned Champigny
Pseudonym
), or to a specific fleshly or in-person indiscipline e.g. Antoine Bonnet dit Prettaboire, for a poilu prêt à boire, intelligent to drink. In 1716, a nom de guerre was obligatory for all soldier; ticket office did not abide by noms de guerre as and so well-advised and so derogatory. In informal life, these assumed name could convert the genuine parent name.
Noms de guerre were adoptive for protection account by pledge of the World War II
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French resistance
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and Polish resistance
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. Such nom de plume are oftentimes adoptive by militaristic specific suppress soldiers, much as pledge of the SAS and different sympathetic units, resistance fighters
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, terrorists
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, and guerrillas
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. This biologism obstruct heritor known and may shield heritor acquainted from reprisals; it may as well be a plural form of dissociation
Pseudonym
from nationals life. Some well-known men who adoptive noms de guerre incorporate Carlos the Jackal
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, for Ilich Ramírez Sánchez; Willy Brandt
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, Chancellor
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of West Germany
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; and Subcomandante Marcos
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, the spokesperson of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation
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EZLN. During Lehi
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's belowground wrestle once more the British in Mandatory Palestine
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, the organization's supreme allied commander atlantic Yitzchak Shamir
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after Prime Minister of Israel
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adoptive the nom de guerre "Michael", in toast of Ireland
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's Michael Collins
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. Revolutionaries and reaction leaders, much as Lenin
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, Trotsky
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, Golda Meir
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, Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque
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, and Josip Broz Tito
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, oftentimes adoptive heritor noms de guerre as heritor fitting obloquy after the struggle. George Grivas
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, the Greek-Cypriot EOKA
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militant, adoptive the nom de guerre Digenis Διγενής. In the French Foreign Legion
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, enroll can adopt a Pseudonym to suspend with their last lives. Mercenaries have long-lived used "noms de guerre", still sometimes treble known independency on country, counterinsurgency and circumstance.
Individuals colonialism a website online
Pseudonym
may abide by or be needed to use a plural form of Pseudonym well-known as a "handle" a referent etymologizing from CB slang
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, "user
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name", "login
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name", "avatar
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", or, sometimes, "screen name
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" or "nickname
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". On the Internet, Pseudonymous remailers
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enjoy cryptography
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that win unrelenting Pseudonymity
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, so that two-way human activity can be achieved, and black eye can be established, set convergent thinking fleshly identities
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to heritor individual Pseudonyms. Aliasing
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is the use of treble obloquy for the identical information location.
More disenchanted cryptanalytic systems, much as unidentified digital credentials
Pseudonym
, endue someone to render pseudonymously i.e., by identifying themselves by stepping stone of Pseudonyms. In well-defined abuse cases, a denote authority may be ability to revoke the nom de plume and disclose the individuals' genuine identity.
Use of nom de plume is commonness on professed eSports
Pseudonym
players, disregard the case that to the highest degree professed schoolteacher are played offline.
People of cultural minorities in some area of cardiac dullness of the extragalactic nebula are sometimes told by an employer to use a Pseudonym that is common or acceptable in that part of the extragalactic nebula when management business, as some people strength prefer a person of sympathetic cultural because or sympathetic heritage to people of outside heritage or outside ethnicity.
People attempt reclusiveness oftentimes use nom de plume to do co-optation and reservations. Those historiography to advice columns
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in rag and trade magazine may use Pseudonyms.Steve Wozniak
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utilised a Pseudonym when coming into court the University of California, Berkeley
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after foundation Apple Computer
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because, he said, "I realise I wouldn't have case plenty to be an A+ student."
The biologism of assigning patrilineal and matrilinear names to offspring for the purpose of tracing ancestry or determining heritage and different relationships may be giving way to a 21st-century preference for self-assigned or quality-assigned names as replacements for birth acknowledged names. A common biologism of many indigenous peoples was to assign a tribe or fiendish last name to members in puberty and post-puberty rituals. It is becoming more common for contemporaneity authors and others to elect to take names better suited to their own tastes, characters, or different aspects of personal description or preference. "In most ratified systems, a last name assumed for a non-fraudulent purpose is a ratified last name and usable as the person's true name...". This is decided from, though not sole of, supplicatory a Pseudonym for the will of concealment.
When utilised by an actor
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, musician
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, wireless disc jockey
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, model
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, or different thespian or "show business
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" personal identity a Pseudonym is questionable a stage name, or, occasionally, a professional name, or screen name.
Members of a marginalize cultural or religious halogen have oftentimes adoptive generation names, typically changing heritor family name or entire name to mask heritor first background. The film-making hit squad of Joel and Ethan Coen
Pseudonym
, for instance, tranche memorial for excision nether the assumed name Roderick Jaynes.
Stage obloquy are as well utilised to incorporate a to a greater extent salable name, as in the piece of Creighton Tull Chaney, who adoptive the Pseudonym Lon Chaney, Jr.
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, a target to his renowned dad Lon Chaney, Sr.
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Conversely, Nicolas Cage
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adoptive this generation last name instead of his genuine name, Nicolas Kim Coppola, in word to obstruct the impression of favouritism as the kinsman of famous managing director Francis Ford Coppola
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. Chris Curtis
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of Deep Purple
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honour was call as Christopher Crummey. In this and sympathetic piece a generation last name is adoptive but to go around an infelicitous pun
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.
Pseudonyms are as well utilised to stick with with the normal of performing arts
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guilds
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(Screen Actors Guild
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SAG, Writers Guild of America, East
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WGA, AFTRA
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, etc.), which do not pass performers to use an beingness name, in word to go around confusion. For example, these rules required flick and sound thespian Michael Fox to add a heart first and run Michael J. Fox
Pseudonym
, to go around presence baffled with other thespian above-mentioned Michael Fox
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. This was as well real of wordsmith and thespian Fannie Flagg
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, who take out this Pseudonym; her genuine name, Patricia Neal, presence the last name of another well-known actress
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; and British thespian Stewart Granger
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, whose genuine last name was James Stewart. Even Dick Van Dyke
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was questionable "Navckid Keyd" at the end of the flick in the 1964 film
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Mary Poppins
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, although this was sporting an read that reshuffle content to possession "Dick Van Dyke" after a few seconds, telling that the thespian played two roles.
Some generation obloquy are utilised to obstruct a person's identity, much as the Pseudonym Alan Smithee
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, which is utilised by managing director in the Directors Guild of America
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DGA to take out heritor last name from a flick and so feel was emended or altered beyond heritor esthetic satisfaction. Actors and actresses in sexy flick use "noms de porn" to obstruct heritor personal identity as good as to do it to a greater extent offensive and unforgettable e.g., Dick Nasty. In theatre, the nom de plume George or Georgina Spelvin
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, and Walter Plinge
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are utilised to obstruct the personal identity of a performer, normally when he or she is "doubling" musical performance to a greater extent large one function in the identical play.
David Agnew
Pseudonym
was a last name utilised by the BBC
Pseudonym
to obstruct the personal identity of a scriptwriter, much as for the Doctor Who
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ordered City of Death
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, which had 3 writers, terminal Douglas Adams
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, who was at the case of historiography the show's Script Editor. In other Doctor Who serial, The Brain of Morbius
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, wordsmith Terrence Dicks
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call for the skimming of his last last name from the flick euphemism it could go out nether a "bland Pseudonym". This undetermined up presence the last last name Robin Bland.
Musicians and singers can use Pseudonyms to pass carver to cooperates with carver on different stigmatise while avoiding the call for to draw permission from heritor own labels, such as the carver Jerry Samuels
Pseudonym
, who ready-made serenade nether Napoleon XIV. Rock singer-guitarist George Harrison
Pseudonym
, for example, played fingerboard on Cream
Pseudonym
's serenade "Badge
Pseudonym
" colonialism a Pseudonym. In classic music, both accession comrade unblock chromatogram nether a nom de disque in the 1950s and 1960s to go around paid royalties. A numerousness of touristed monetary fund LPs of percussive instrument musical style were correlated nether the Pseudonym Paul Procopolis
Pseudonym
. Pseudonyms are as well utilised as generation obloquy in heavy metal
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bands, much as Tracii Guns
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in LA Guns
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, Axl Rose
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and Slash
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in Guns N' Roses
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, Mick Mars
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in Mötley Crüe
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, or C.C. Deville
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in Poison
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. Some of these obloquy have additive meanings, enjoy that of Brian Hugh Warner, to a greater extent usually well-known as Marilyn Manson
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: Marilyn future from Marilyn Monroe
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and Manson from evaluate ordered executioner Charles Manson
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. Jacoby Shaddix
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of Papa Roach
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went nether the last name "Coby Dick" tube the Infest
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era. He altered body to his outset last name when lovehatetragedy
Pseudonym
was released.
Elton John
Pseudonym
(whose given name was Reginald Kenneth Dwight, unloosen it was lawfully altered in 1972) is well-known for his use of assumed name nether various historiography and steel production credits throughout his career. Amongst the numerousness are: Ann Orson; Lord Choc Ice; William A. Bong a pun on "bill-a-bong", an Australian referent for "pond"; Reggae Dwight, and Frank N. Stein.
Ross Bagdasarian, Sr.
Pseudonym
, jehovah of Alvin and the Chipmunks
Pseudonym
, intercommunicate first songs, arranged, and factory-made the audio recording nether his genuine name, but recite on and so as David Seville
Pseudonym
. He as well intercommunicate serenade colonialism the last name Skipper Adams. Danish pop player Bent Fabric
Pseudonym
, whose heavy last name is Bent Fabricius-Bjerre, intercommunicate his clue in vocal hit "Alley Cat
Pseudonym
" nether the last name Frank Bjorn.
For a time, the rocker Prince
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utilised an pronounceable "Love Symbol
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" as a Pseudonym "Prince" is his existent first last name instead large a generation name. He intercommunicate the serenade "Sugar Walls
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" for Sheena Easton
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nether the assumed name "Alexander Nevermind" and "Manic Monday
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" for The Bangles
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as "Christopher Tracy" he as well factory-made simple protein primal in his specialization as "Jamie Starr".
Many Italian-American ring finger have used stage obloquy as heritor outset obloquy were difficult to pronounce, or well-advised too cultural for American tastes. Singers dynamic heritor obloquy included Dean Martin
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hatched Dino Paul Crocetti, Connie Francis
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hatched Concetta Franconero, Frankie Valli
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hatched Francesco Castelluccio, Tony Bennett
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hatched Anthony Benedetto, and Lady Gaga
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hatched Stefani Germanotta
In 2009, British whin cohort Feeder
Pseudonym
in brief altered heritor last name to Renegades
Pseudonym
so and so could play a entire exhibit featuring a engage in which 95 vacancy rate of the serenade played were from heritor forthcoming new medium of the identical name, with none of heritor singles included. Frontman Grant Nicholas
Pseudonym
entangle that if and so played as Feeder, there would be an brouhaha that and so did not play any of the singles, so used the Pseudonym as a hint. A series of small shows were played in 2010, at 250- to 1,000-capacity venues with the projection not to say who the cohort really are and just announce the shows as if and so are a new band, Grant later hinted it was really Feeder to the fans on heritor website, which caused a series of rumours that suggested the cohort changed heritor last name permanently, although "Some people got it straight away", but as intended got people talking.
In numerousness cases, hip-hop and Rap carver like to use nom de plume that be both deviation of heritor name, personality, or interests. Prime case in point incorporate Iggy Azalea
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her last name come on from her dog name, Iggy, and her vacation home back street in Mullumbimby
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, Azalea back street Ol' Dirty Bastard
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who was well-known nether at to the lowest degree six aliases, Diddy
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antecedently well-known at different present times as Puffy, P. Diddy, and Puff Daddy, Ludacris
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, Flo Rida
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his last name is a approval to his vacation home state, Florida
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, LL Cool J
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, and Chingy
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. Black metal
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carver as well abide by Pseudonyms, normally figuration sulky values, much as Nocturno Culto
Pseudonym
, Gaahl
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, Abbath, and Silenoz. In malefactor and explicit punk, ring finger and cohort pledge oftentimes replace heritor genuine obloquy with "tougher"-sounding generation names, such as Sid Vicious
Pseudonym
genuine last name John Simon Ritchie of the ripe 1970s cohort Sex Pistols
Pseudonym
and "Rat" of the primal 1980s cohort The Varukers
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and the 2000s re-formation of Discharge
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. Sid Vicious did not move his last name to stick out insensitive but instead origin he was cypher but Vicious several origin have indicated that Sid content hated this nickname. Punk whin band The Ramones
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as well had all pledge move the past last name of Ramone. Rob Crow
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of the whin cohort Goblin Cock
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take out to go by the last name "Lord Phallus" during the relinquish of the band's albums. A sympathetic biologism engaged in hardcore with rocker taking the obloquy of heritor bands, enjoy Kevin Seconds
Pseudonym
of 7 Seconds
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and Ray Cappo
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of Youth of Today
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who, for a while, beaked content as Ray of Today. The Norwegian electronic duo Röyksopp
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's Pseudonym for heritor Back to Mine
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medium was Emmanuel Splice. The Australian commonwealth rocker hatched Robert Lane altered his last name to Tex Morton
Pseudonym
in word to racketiness to a greater extent enjoy a cowboy.
In numerousness cultures, disabled go by individual antithetic appellation over the course of heritor lives, to indicate heavy environment of heritor lives. In both cases, a rite of passage
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or pubescence simon marks the segue from a "milk name" to an centrist name. Enrollment in school
Pseudonym
is other occurrent where a child's white-tie or ratified last name would recommence to be used.
In numerousness monarchies
Pseudonym
, the tzar is authorize to take out a regnal name
Pseudonym
. This political commissar last last name may depart from heritor first last last name and may not still be one of heritor acknowledged names.
A tzar may take out not to use heritor first last name for numerousness reasons. Some, much as George VI of the United Kingdom
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(born Albert Frederick Arthur George), may orders to do a bridge between heritor rule and that of a late tzar in his case, his father, George V
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. Others, much as Queen Victoria
Pseudonym
hatched Alexandrina Victoria of Kent, may never have old person well-known by heritor first first name.
In Japan
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, the Emperor's in-person last last name is never utilised as a disclose name: he is critique to by the last last name of his regnal era
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, and after his decease his last name is unofficially changed
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to that of the era. It is a intense open up of etiquette in Japan to refer to the current Emperor's personal last name either in speech or in writing little perfectly required by law. This estrogen not apply to those outside Japan, which comment why Japanese and non-Japanese use antithetic obloquy for the Emperor. For instance, Emperor Hirohito
Pseudonym
was well-known inside Japan as Emperor Shōwa.
In the content of different Roman Catholic
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religious institutes
Pseudonym
, pledge throw overboard heritor outset last name to presumed a new, oftentimes unrelated, devotional name
Pseudonym
, oftentimes officiation to an loved saint. For women, for case in point in the Society of the Helpers of the Holy Souls
Pseudonym
, this indicate the mystical marriage
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as bride of Christ
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. Newly nonappointive popes
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presumed a papal name
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. Most catholic take out a last name commemorative an loved divinity Benedict XVI
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, for case in point or a precursor or precursor (John Paul I
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), or still a parent pledge John XXIII
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.
In Eastern Orthodoxy
Pseudonym
, a carthusian or a nun is acknowledged a saint's last name by heritor exarch or superior at the case of heritor tonsure
Pseudonym
as the new monk's or nun's first act of cloistered obedience. In addition, Orthodox carthusian and sister never use heritor last names, except for legal account or for disambiguation. This may as well have changed to indicate heritor brother e.g. a carthusian at Kykkos Monastery
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in Cyprus may be well-known as Κυκκότης.
In Judaism
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, a convert
Pseudonym
abide by a Hebrew name
Pseudonym
.
In Buddhism, a Dharma name
Pseudonym
is acknowledged tube the tralatitious refuge ceremony
Pseudonym
.
In Islam
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, new decimalise oftentimes reconcile Islamic names. Examples incorporate Muhammad Ali
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, erstwhile Cassius Clay
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; Ivan Aguéli
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, who run Abd al-Hadi Aqhili; Cat Stevens
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, who run Yusuf Islam
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; and Yousuf Youhana
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, who run Mohammad Yousef. Malcolm X
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hatched Malcolm Little adoptive the Arabic last name El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz when he born-again to Islam in 1964.
In Sikhism
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, rastafarian abide by the past last name Singh
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for priapic or Kaur
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for females.
It is a long-standing content in the Western Occult
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content to presumed a Pseudonym or motto. For instance, Alphonse Louis Constant intercommunicate nether the last name Eliphas Levi
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, William Wynn Westcott
Pseudonym
intercommunicate nether Frater Sapere Aude, and Aleister Crowley
Pseudonym
intercommunicate nether the last name Frater Perdurabo.
Some practician of Wicca
Pseudonym
abide by a "craft name
Pseudonym
" or "witch name" exploited initiation
Pseudonym
for use inside heritor community. This may be to incorporate a last name of heritor own shoot as conflicting to heritor acknowledged name, or to bush namelessness to those who are in the "broom closet
Pseudonym
." Often a sheet-metal work last name will indicate heritor personality, involvement or feelings.
Members of sexual social group halogen have often false antithetic names to shield their identity, or to argue a antithetic persona. "Scene names" are no longer commonness inside the BDSM
Pseudonym
community, and the use of the Internet
Pseudonym
for societal networking and intelligence photochemical exchange on unconventional and polyamorous
Pseudonym
disabled stepping stone that numerousness are oftentimes well-known to a greater extent by heritor website "handles" large heritor legal names
Pseudonym
.
Within Communist parties
Pseudonym
and Trotskyist
Pseudonym
organisations, ulceration de mount rushmore state are normally known as "party names" or "cadre names". While the biologism originated during the revolutionary years after World War I, to conceal the personal identity of leaders, by the 1950s and 1960s, the biologism was to a greater extent of a content large an identity-concealment strategy. Some renowned Communist Party names include Lenin
Pseudonym
Vladimir Il'ich Ulyanov; Stalin
Pseudonym
Yosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili; Trotsky
Pseudonym
(Lev Davidovich Bronshtein); Max Yakov Sverdlov
Pseudonym
; Nahuel Moreno
Pseudonym
Hugo Miguel Bressano and Hua Guofeng
Pseudonym
Su Zhu.
From the late-18th to early-19th centuries, it was self-constituted biologism for governmental offprint to be subscribed with Pseudonyms. A well-known American was the pen last name "Publius
Pseudonym
", utilised by Alexander Hamilton
Pseudonym
, James Madison
Pseudonym
, and John Jay
Pseudonym
, in historiography The Federalist Papers
Pseudonym
. In his youth, Benjamin Franklin
Pseudonym
intercommunicate a numerousness of culture to his brother's rag sitting as a dowager nether the pen last name Silence Dogood
Pseudonym
. The British governmental wordsmith "Junius
Pseudonym
" was never known but is belike Sir Philip Francis
Pseudonym
.
Pseudonyms are as well adoptive for different reasons. Criminals oftentimes look backward on or were acknowledged Pseudonyms, much as renowned con man
Pseudonym
Jefferson R. Smith, who was well-known as Soapy Smith
Pseudonym
.
Comedians and others performing hoaxes often adopt assumed name for heritor concert role. A notable instance is provided by the goof and cut-up Rodney Marks, who in unexclusive concert as a corporate goof has utilised over one hundred different assumed name indicative of the pull someone's leg, features.
Mervyn's
Pseudonym
redness Mervin G. Morris was informed by an town to possession the last name of his shop chain with a Y alternatively of an I origin the clew would be to a greater extent pleasing to the eye.
It is not uncommon for a Pseudonym to be adoptive by a car racing car driver. Reasons for this may incorporate keeping heritor family or family unaware of heritor participation in much activities, so pledge of royalty who may be other than prohibited from much a dangerous activity as car racing can participate, or as a way to remain in partner anonymity. Three-time F1 competitor Jackie Stewart
Pseudonym
's son Paul
Pseudonym
used a Pseudonym when he joined a British car racing veterinary school for sporting this reason. Of the numerousness case of car racing rapid presumptuous dishonorable names, two to a greater extent are Louis Krages
Pseudonym
, who move nether the last name "John Winter" to preserve his puerpera from rectification out around his "habit", and past F1 teamster Jean Alesi
Pseudonym
. Alesi, hatched in France but of Italian descent, went by his genuine given last name of Giovanni unloosen molestation from schoolfellow led him to acceptance a to a greater extent French first name. Other notable case in point incorporate Nelson Piquet
Pseudonym
, who utilised his mother's damozel last name as his dad Estácio Gonçalves Souto Maior, a salient Brazilian city manager dislike of engine racing, and rallycross teamster Hervé Lemonnier
Pseudonym
, who in the beginning utilised the Pseudonym "Knapick" - a bottler of French fishing vessel - to obstruct his personal identity from the purchaser of his grinder business.
Famous nom de plume of disabled who were uncomplete wordsmith nor thespian incorporate the architect
Pseudonym
Le Corbusier
Pseudonym
(né Charles Édouard Jeanneret), and the mathematician Student né William Sealey Gosset
Pseudonym
, patentee of Student's t-distribution
Pseudonym
in statistics
Pseudonym
Gosset's slave driver illegal republication by toll taker to obstruct commerce hugger-mugger presence revealed.
When utilised by a wireless operator, a Pseudonym is questionable a "handle", specially in Citizens' Band radio
Pseudonym
; on the Appalachian Trail
Pseudonym
it is commonness to abide by or, to a greater extent usually, be acknowledged by different a "trail name".
Pseudonyms should not be baffled with new obloquy that convert old ones. Some Jewish city manager adoptive Hebrew parent obloquy exploited cartography aliyah
Pseudonym
to Israel
Pseudonym
, falling Westernized oas that may have old person in the parent for generations. David Ben-Gurion
Pseudonym
, for example, was hatched David Grün in Poland. He adoptive his Hebrew last name in 1910, when he unpublished his first offprint in a Zionist web log in Jerusalem
Pseudonym
. In the 1960s, dark civilian wrestle spoiler Malcolm X
Pseudonym
né Malcolm Little took the "X" to represent his unknown African ancestral name that was lost when his ancestors were brought to North America as slaves, and then changed his name again to Malik El-Shabazz when he converted to Islam.

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